From the perspective of the development of industrialization, the economy mainly uses unskilled technologies in the take-off stage of industrialization. With the increase in technology and capital intensiveness, the growth rate of capital and technology input is gradually higher than the growth rate of labor input, forming capital Deepen and promote the improvement of industrialization level. When entering the later stage of industrialization, the growth rate of investment in the economy of entrepreneurs, emerging technologies and knowledge elements such as capital, education, and management is higher than the growth rate of pure capital and technology investment.
From the perspective of the composition of production factors, in the industrialized system, the resource attributes of enterprises are mainly manifested as scarcity, monopoly and relatively static. On this basis, the formation of economies of scale and scope, and the pursuit of economies of scale and scope have become the two basic goals of industrial development. In the process of industrialization for hundreds of years, the development and expansion of enterprises have been constrained by varying degrees of diminishing returns to scale. It is true that enterprises in the industrialized system have been making marginal improvements in resource utilization and production efficiency, and continuously improving the efficiency of industrialization, but the law of diminishing returns to scale has not substantially changed
The emergence and application of a new generation of digital technology has changed the resource attributes of the industrialized system, and the characteristics of abundance, sharing and dynamics have become increasingly obvious. This is mainly manifested in three aspects:
First, the new generation of digital technology has partially changed the form, nature and structure of resources by digitally reflecting all physical operations, forming data resources corresponding to physical resources. These data resources have the characteristics of standardization and structure, and can be efficiently diffused, absorbed, adjusted or disseminated, making the resources highly fluid.
Second, the data resources formed by the new generation of digital technology have the characteristics of high fixed cost and low marginal cost, which can be copied at low cost and stored and transmitted almost error-free, so that the scarcity and exclusivity of the previous core resources have been partially broken.
Third, the new generation of digital technology has changed the value characteristics and value creation methods of resources. After the resources are digitized, they can be continuously used in new ways to generate continuous value, thus becoming an important strategic resource for enterprises. Through the change of resource attributes, the digital system forms a new type of resource with data as the core. At the same time, the attribute characteristics of production factors such as labor, land, capital, knowledge, technology, and management are also changed to varying degrees.
For example, in the industrialized system, labor is restricted by cross-border or cross-regional flow, and it is difficult to efficiently allocate global labor resources. However, with the support of digital technologies such as the industrial Internet, cloud computing, and big data, global labor resources can form virtual aggregations and cross-regions. Time zone coordination, innovative models such as global crowdsourcing, outsourcing, and 7×24 hours of uninterrupted product development have emerged, breaking through the constraints of time and space conditions of labor resources.
As a result, with the popularization and application of a new generation of digital technology, corporate employees have gradually changed from the role of a managed person in a fixed position to a role of independent development and global sharing. The digitization of labor, knowledge, technology, and management resources has further enriched data resources. Enterprises repeat or combine data resources in different ways, breaking through and changing the constraints of traditional economies of scale and scope, and making the attributes of enterprise resources in the digital system manifest as abundance, sharing and flow, with significant high fixed costs Features with low marginal cost.
Link to this article：Fangtian Software: A new generation of digital smart signage system
Reprint Statement: If there are no special instructions, all articles on this site are original. Please indicate the source for reprinting:Stamping Wiki，Thanks